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Charles Greeley Abbot papers

 Collection
Identifier: Spec-Coll-00001

  • Staff Only

Scope and Content

This collection consists of records related to the development of gyroscopic apparatus (or early inertial navigation instrument) by General Electric Co. for military use in World War 1. This instrument was invented by Charles G. Abbot, then director of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.

Dates

  • 1918-1920

Language of Materials

The records are in English

Restrictions on Access

There are no restrictions on access to this collection.

Restrictions on Use

There are no restrictions on use of this collection.

Biography of Charles Greeley Abbot

Charles Greeley Abbott was born in Wilton, NH on May 31, 1872 and was educated at The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.S. 1894, M.S. 1895). He served as assistant in the Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Laboratory in Washington, D.C. (1895-1906), as acting director in 1906 and director from 1907-1944. From 1928-1944, he also served as Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Abbott devoted himself to a study of the sun's and the earth's radiation, successfully measuring the solar constant of radiation in 1903 and performed early research into the phenomena of sun spots. He founded observatories for the study of solar radiation at Mt. Wilson, CA, Mt. Harqua Hala, AZ., and Mt. Montezuma, Chile. Abbott invented a gyroscopic apparatus used as an inertial navigation instrument by the United States military forces in World War 1. He retired from the Smithsonian Institution in 1944. Abbot was the recipient of the Henry Draper Medal (1910) and the Rumford Prize (1915). He was elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1921. He died in Washington, D.C. in 1973.

Extent

.42 linear feet

Overview

This collection consists of records related to the development of gyroscopic apparatus (or early inertial navigation instrument) by General Electric Co. for military use in World War 1. This instrument was invented by Charles G. Abbot, then director of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.

Statement of Arrangement

The papers are arranged chronologically in folders 2, 3 and 4. Folder 1 contains information about the gift process.

Acquisition Information

This collection was donated to the Case Archive of Contemporary Science and Technology by F. L. Johnson, Consulting Engineer at General Electric Company, in May, 1966.
Title
Finding aid for the Charles Greeley Abbot Papers
Status
Completed
Author
Finding aid prepared by Special Collections staff
Date
2015
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
Finding aid written in English

Repository Details

Part of the Kelvin Smith Library Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Kelvin Smith Library
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland OH 44106-7151 United States
216.368.0189